Smoking hardcore

Duration: 8min 23sec Views: 910 Submitted: 19.05.2019
Category: Cumshot
Objective To quantify the prevalence and characteristics of hardcore smokers in England. Main outcome measures Hardcore smoking defined by four criteria less than a day without cigarettes in the past five years; no attempt to quit in the past year; no desire to quit; no intention to quit , all of which had to be satisfied. Hardcore smokers displayed distinctive attitudes towards and beliefs about smoking. In particular they were likely to deny that smoking affected their health or would do so in the future. Prevalence of hardcore smoking was almost four times higher than in California.

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Hardcore smoking among Italian men and women : European Journal of Cancer Prevention

Log in to view full text. If you're not a subscriber, you can:. Colleague's E-mail is Invalid. Your message has been successfully sent to your colleague. Save my selection. Ferketich, Amy K. Hardcore smokers are described as heavy smokers who have not attempted to quit and have no future intentions to quit.

Metrics details. Hardcore smokers are smokers who have smoked for many years and who do not intend to quit smoking. Therefore, the prevalence of hardcore smoking among smokers would increase over time. If this is true, the smoking population would become harder to reach with tobacco control measures. In this study we tested the hardening hypothesis.
Objective: To quantify the prevalence and characteristics of hardcore smokers in England. Design: Cross sectional survey. Setting: Interview in respondents' household.